Warmer temperatures spreading malaria in Africa
There are 4 million people living on the slopes of Mount Kenya and there is evidence of malaria outbreaks despite being over 1,900 meters above sea level.
It was thought that outbreaks elsewhere were due to drug resistance and changes in the use of farming methods but the Kenya Medical Research Institute is the first study directly linked to climate change.
The UN has predicted that an extra 400 million people could be exposed to malaria by 2080 due to climate changes.
Similar outbreaks elsewhere have been attributed to factors such as drug resistance and land use change but the KEMRI study claims the only change that has occurred recently in the area that might have lead to an increase in malaria is in mean annual temperatures, which have risen from 17 degrees in 1989 to nearly 19 degrees today.
Malaria is a potentially life threatening disease which may be avoided by taking tablets, backed up with insect repellents and sleeping under mosquito nets.
These options are open to travellers and do save lives but for the normal inhabitants of Africa, Asia or South America, it is may not be an option. Every thirty seconds a child dies of malaria worldwide.
For advice on malaria prevention contact The Travel Clinic Ltd where we would be pleased to help with your options.