Dengue Fever at the World Cup - Brazil 2014
It is estimated that a million fans will travel to the 12 different cities hosting matches during the World Cup, which runs from 12 June to 13 July and may be at risk of Dengue Fever.
Brazil recorded more cases of dengue fever than anywhere else in the world between 2000 and 2013, with more than seven million cases reported.
Dengue is a viral infection that is transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti species of mosquitoes which predominantly bite during the day.
After an incubation period of around 3-8 days there is often a sudden onset of fever and headache, with a rash developing after 3-5 days later with a recurrence of fever. There may be vomiting and diarrhoea but within a few days the illness usually resolves and serious complications are uncommon. However, it can cause life-threatening illness and there are currently no licensed vaccines or treatments.
The risk of dengue fever is low in Brasilia, Cuiaba, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, and Sao Paulo.
However, they predict that there is some chance of dengue risk exceeding medium levels in Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador and Manaus.
The three cities with the greatest chance of high dengue risk are Natal, Fortaleza, and Recife and if they come top of their group, England will play in Recife on 29 June.
Travellers, particularly those attending matches in high-risk cities, might return home with dengue.
Those who return home unwell must seek medical treatment.
These mosquitoes are day time biters so avoiding bites is essential as a vaccine is under trial but not yet available. Screens, air-conditioning, clothes sprays and repellents can all reduce the risk of being bitten. Always remember to apply sun cream first and then your repellents and to reapply regularly.
For more information, book an appointment with one of our Travel Nurses.
0845 5480 543 or
for appointments in Cambridge and Ipswich